A time line.. 1300-1400
MAJOR EVENTS OF THE PERIOD TO GIVE A FLAVOUR OF THE TIMES!
1307 :The death of Edward I
Early 14th C. The “Great Wheel” appears – the first spinning wheel
1312: The Knights Templar are outlawed and their property confiscated and given to the Knights Hospitaller. Scotland remained a safe haven : Birth of Edward III
1314: The Scots under Robert the Brice (1274 – 1329) defeat the English at Bannockburn.
1315 – 1317:European famine from the Atlantic to the Baltic, as the result of the bad harvest of 1314, followed by two years of heavy flooding.
1320: Small cannon ‘perfected’.
1322 : Battle of Boroughbridge, Yorkshire. Between revolting Barons and King Edward II. The King wins.
1327 : The King issues a writ demanding the cessation of hostilities between Great Yarmouth, Little Yarmouth & Gorleston and the arrest of the principal offenders. ; Flemish weavers settle in Norwich. : Death of Edward II, murdered at Berkeley Castle.
1328 : A Papal dispensation is granted to Edward III to marry his 2nd cousin, Phillipa of Hainult. She sponsors a colony of flemmings in Norwich who teach the cizitens how to manufacture cloth.
1329 : Robert the Bruce dies, probably suffering from Leposy.
1330 : The first municipal clock appears in England and from 1351 automatic chimes can be fitted. : The birth of Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales.
1333 : Battle of Halidon Hill, Berwick-upon-tweed, where the English defeated the Scots.
1338 : Beginning of the Hundred Years War against France.
1340 : Battle of Sluys ( July 24th ) English capture the French Fleet.
1344 : First meeting of the Knights at Windsor (April 23rd ) which became the Order of St. George and ultimately the Order of the Garter. Which was Edward III attempt to revive the Arthurian round table of 300 Knights, subsequently limited to two sets of 12. (First official Garter tournament 1348)
1346 : Civil Edict – Lepers shall be driven out of the cities because of their infection. : English land in France (Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue). As he sets foot on French soil the Kings trips and falls face down. His Knights beg him to return to his ship, as this is an ill omen, but he replies, “this is a good token for me, for the land desireth to have me”. This is similar to the remark made by his Gt, Gt, Gt, Gt, Gt, Gt, Grandfather, William I when he stumbled on the beach at Pevensey, before defeating Harold at Hastings. : Battle of Crecy, in which the English defeated the French. : Battle of Neville’s Cross, in which the English defeated the Scots.
1347 : Calais is captured by King Edward III
1348 – 1349 : Summer 1348 – The Black Death comes to Bristol, probably from China, via italy and France. Reaches London around November 1348. Between February and Easter 200+ persons are being buried everyday in the new cemetery at Smithfield. Because of the 40% reduction in the population labour shortage resulted – workers demanded higher wages and lower rents.
1349 : “The Statue of Labourers” – This forbids employers to offer higher wages than have on average been paid for the 5 years preceeding the plague. Objectors are imprisoned and tough action avoids the peasent revolts seen in the rest of Europe. Farm workers who left their positions without just cause were imprisoned, as were those who employ them.
1356 : Battle of Poiters in which Edward of Woodstock defeats and takes prisoner both King John II of France and Philip of Burgundy.
1362 : English becomes the official language of Parliament and the Law Courts.
1376 : The death of Edward, Prince of Wales.
1377 : The death of King Edward III
1381 : The Peasants revolt is led, unsuccessfully, by Wat Tyler.
1384 ; Death of John Wycliff, religious reformer.